Current issue

№ 2 (96) 2022

 

Natalia Plotnikova (Doctor habilitatus in Arts studies, Professor, Moscow Conservatory and State Institute for Art Studies, Moscow). Blagodarstvennye sluzhby v chest’ voennykh pobed Petra Pervogo: iz naslediya gosugarevykh pevchikh d’yakov. “Stikhiry torzhestvennye o pobede nad Levengauptom” / Thanksgiving Services in Honour of the Military Victories of Peter the Great: from the Heritage of the Sovereign’s Singing Clerks (d’yaki). ‘Solemn Sticheras in honor of the victory over Lewenhaupt’ (pp. 1–7)

The article introduces into scholarly use the “Solemn Sticheras” dedicated to the victory of Russian troops over General A. Lewenhaupt’s corps on September 28, 1708 near the village of Lesnaya (on the territory of present-day Belarus). This battle, in which tsar Peter the Great himself participated, was not only of great strategic importance, but was also reflected in chants of the Russian Orthodox church. The author examines manuscript sources of these chants, stored in the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts. The Musical Appendix contains the first publications of the first Stichera, Troparion and Kontakion from this cycle.

Keywords: The Great Northern War; The Battle of Lesnaya; General A. Lewenhaupt; Peter the Great; chants of Russian Orthodox Church; Sticheras.


Vladislav Devutsky (Doctor habilitatus in Arts studies, Professor of the Voronezh State Institute of Arts). Prinzipy linejnosti i frottol’noj kupletnosti: ot 16 do 20 veka / Linearity and frottola-couplet principle of musical form from the 16th to the 20th century (pp. 8–20)

The article is concerned with linearity as one of the most important principle of musical form, which has not yet been properly studied in Russian musicology. However, this principle helps to understand and appreciate the structure of many Late Renaissance and Baroque compositions as well as some later works up to the beginning of the 20th century. According to the author, linearity in combination with the couplet principle of musical form contributed to the formation of so-called frottola-couplet forms back in the 16th century. Moreover, the concept of four evolutionary types of couplet form is introduced in the article.

Keywords: musical form; linearity; couplet principle; frottola; frottola-couplet forms.
 

Anna Nedospasova (PhD, Associate professor of the Novosibirsk State Conservatory), Alexander Baiunov (PhD, acoustic engineer, early guitar and harpsichord builder, Moscow). Klavesin 21 veka: formirovanie novoj paradigmy razvitiya instrumenta / The 21th-century harpsichord: new development paradigm (pp. 21–28)

The conventional approach of harpsichord building based on copying of historical instruments has many disadvantages discussed in the present study. We offer a new approach for making of harpsichords based on the use of modern technologies, new stringing and plectrum materials etc. The use of this approach helped us to build light and compact instruments with the bright and loud tone, stringed with silver, melchior, bronze and nickel brass. Some of these harpsichords have multiple plucking stops with possibility to vary the plucking points, thus producing many different tone colours. Some features of these changes are observed in European studies which makes it possible to talk about the beginning of the new era in harpsichord building.

Keywords: harpsichord; harpsichord makers; copying of historical instruments; stringing and plectrum materials; new era in harpsichord building.

The Musical Appendix. Chants in honor of the victory at the Lesnaya (1708) (pp. 29–31)

Annotations and Keywords (p. 32)